Clinical Microbiology Tests

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Clinical Microbiology Tests

Microbiology is a branch of science that studies small living things called microorganisms, many of which can only be seen under a microscope. Many of these microorganisms cause diseases in humans. At the beginning of these; bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites

Over the last 35 Years we made an impact that is strong & we have long way to go.

Diseases caused by these tiny creatures that we cannot see with the naked eye are generally called Infectious Diseases (Infectious Diseases). Tens of thousands of different microorganisms appear as disease agents.

Bacteriology; It is to obtain and identify bacteria that infect humans and to determine their antibiotic susceptibility. (Typhoid fever, cholera, bacteria causing throat infections, etc.)

Virology: Diagnostic tests of viruses that cause disease in humans (HPV, Hepatitis etc.)

mycology; Obtaining, identifying and testing susceptibility to antifungals (fungicides) of fungi that cause disease in humans.

Parasitology; Parasite and parasite egg research in stool, urine and some other body fluids.

Serology: Antibody-based diagnosis method in infectious diseases

The main tests studied in the microbiology laboratory are: Culture tests, bacteria identification tests, antibiotic and antifungal susceptibility tests, antibiotic resistance studies, direct microscopic examinations, stained preparation examinations, stool parasite egg search, antigen screening tests, antibody tests (serological tests). tests

List Of Options

Routine hematology and coagulation testing is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Additionally, advanced hematological tests are a performed using a variety of techniques including flow cytometry and electrophoresis based methods and are available from Monday to Friday, 7 am – 7.30 pm.

1
This assay offers simultaneous testing of urine for culture & routine examination in the same sample, ensuring better patient compliance in detecting urinary tract infections.
2
To detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and to elucidate drug resistance to Rifampicin. In addition this test differentiates between MTB & MOTT by Rapid TB Antigen MPT64.
3
This test detects the presence of IgM antibodies to S.typhi. The conventional Widal test detects antibodies to S.typhi from 2nd week of onset of symptoms. The early rising antibodies which are predominantly IgM can be detected by the Typhi Dot test. This test serves as a marker for recent infections.
4
A positive culture for fungus is tested and the fungus is identified. This test does not include the list of appropriate antibiotics to be prescribed.
5
Many of these species are human pathogens and therefore, identification to the species level is important to help guide the patient. NTM are broadly divided into two types - Rapid growers & Slow growers.
6
This test provides the appropriate selection of antibiotic against the pathogen causing the infection.
7
The usage of comprehensive blood culture panel is to improve patient compliance of simultaneously testing for all agents( bacterial, anaerobic bacterial & fungus) responsible for septicaemia in single setting and improve the sensitivity of test by 3 fold.
8
Chromosome analysis helps in the diagnosis of a wide variety of congenital conditions. It helps in the identification of congenital chromosome abnormalities like Aneuploidy (Trisomy / Monosomy) & structural chromosome abnormalities.
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